(Playwright, The Lion in Winter
was an associate professor at Brooklyn College before his writing
career took off on Broadway, in motion pictures, on TV, and in print.
His first play (written with his brother, William), Blood, Sweat and Stanley Poole,
was produced in London in 1961. That same year, he wrote They Might Be Giants,
which debuted in London, produced and directed by Joan Littlewood. He
felt he had never gotten the play right, so he never let it be
published. The next year, he contributed the lyrics and, with his
brother, the book for the stage musical A Family Affair,
but it was with The Lion in Winter
that he became known on Broadway in 1966. It was produced as a feature
film in 1968 and earned for Goldman an Oscar for the screenplay, and
Katharine Hepburn the third of her four Oscars.
He first worked in TV in 1967, writing the book for Evening Primrose,
an ABC special which featured a score by Stephen Sondheim. He also contributed the book for Follies,
landmark 1971 musical with score by Sondheim and direction by Harold
Prince and Michael Bennett. His other screenplays include Nicholas and Alexandra
(1971) and Robin and Marian
(1976), starring Sean Connery and Audrey Hepburn. In 1982, he adapted Oliver Twist
as a two-hour longform for CBS, Anna Karenina
(CBS, 1986), and Anastasia: The Mystery of Anna,
a 1986 four-hour NBC miniseries dealing with the woman who claimed to
be the surviving daughter of Nicholas. The following year, under the
pseudonym Winston Beard, he wrote the ABC miniseries Queenie,
based on the story of Alex Haley's paternal grandmother, the actress Merle Oberon.
Goldman's first novel, was published in 1965. He later published three
additional novels, contributed to numerous magazines, and also wrote or
contributed to non-fiction such as Where to Eat in America
(1987). He died from a heart attack in New York City in 1998 at the age of 71.